In the northern wet tropics of Queensland, Australia, the number of species at risk of extinction has increased by 25% in the last three years. Ecologists link this to global warming and its impact on biodiversity.
In the latest ecological report by the Queensland tropical forest administration it is indicated that climate change and invasive species pose a serious threat to local biodiversity, including species previously considered resilient.
Ecologist Stephen Williams emphasizes that many species, including ringtail possums and forest frogs, now face serious threats due to climate change. The administration also points out risks associated with an increase in forest fires in the region due to higher temperatures.
It is noted that actions to combat climate change can help prevent further deterioration of the situation.
Australia's Tropical Forests - A National Treasure
Australia's tropical forests represent unique and biodiverse ecosystems, occupying a small part of the continent, mainly in the states of Queensland and New South Wales.
They include the Northern wet tropical forests, located in Queensland and known for their species richness, many of which are endemic. These forests are part of the World Heritage Site called "Wet Tropics of Queensland," covering extensive areas of rainforests, mountain landscapes, and rivers.
The second part of Australian tropics are the forests of the Eastern Coast. They stretch along the eastern coast of Australia and are characterized by a diversity of ecosystems, from lowland rainforests to highland cloud forests.
Australian tropical forests are home to many unique species, including diverse birds, mammals (such as kangaroos and cassowaries), as well as numerous endemic plants. Special attention is given to the protection of koalas and other unique animals.
Conservation and Threats: These forests face a number of ecological threats, including climate change, deforestation, invasive species, and forest fires. Their preservation is critical for maintaining biodiversity and ecological balance.
How Australia is Combating Climate Change
Australia is actively involved in the fight against climate change, although this process comes with certain challenges and controversies. Australia has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions as part of international agreements, such as the Paris Agreement.
Australia is actively developing the renewable energy sector, especially solar and wind power. In some regions, such as South Australia, significant successes have been achieved in integrating renewable energy sources into the power system.
However, in Australia, there are significant disagreements regarding approaches to combating climate change, especially considering its economic dependence on the coal industry and agriculture.